Hi all

I reached to the last part of describing my impressions from Berlin, and I would like to touch the sensitive topic of Berlin during 1933-1945.

This period casts a shade on Germany and specifically on Berlin. There are quite a few places that commemorate the Holocaust, most notable is the Holocaust Memorial on Behren street.

Alongside the state or other large organizations efforts to commemorate the Holocaust, there are some local and private initiatives. I’ll describe two of them

Stumbling Stones

It all started in 1994 when the artist Gunter Demnig decided to install a Stumbling Stone as a memorial for a single victim of Nazism in Cologne. From that point on, ~30,000s of Stumbling Stone have been installed, ~3,000 in Berlin. Here are 4 stones located near to the hotel I was staying, containing the names and details of two Jewish families



“Places of Remembrance” in the Bavarian Quarter

The memorial “Places of Remembrance” consists of 80 street signs, presenting anti-Jewish laws and regulations under Nazi rule. The street signs are scattered all over the Bavarian Quarter, and in the main square there’s a map of all of them

and here are some of the signs and a translation to English of what the relevant rule was

. Jews must disclose their financial status,

. to “ensure the use of the assets in the

. interest of the German economy.”

. 26-Apr-1938



. All Driving and Car Licenses of Jews are not

. valid anymore and should be returend

. immediatly

. 3-Dec-1938



. Signs should be put in bakeries and pastry

. shops, indicating that the cakes are not sold

. to Jews and Poles.

. 14-Feb-1942




. Jews may buy food in Berlin only from

. 4-5 pm.

. 4-Jul-1940


and the list goes on and on…

So, that’s the end of my series of Berlin, I hope you enjoyed reading and viewing the photos